You are all familiar with the fact that water is life. Ayurveda says that water, be it pure or medicinal, hot or cold, works like nectar if used wisely. Ayurveda explains Ushapan as part of a healthy daily diet. According to Ayurveda, it is advised to drink water early in the morning. Ayurveda is a 5,000-year-old text in which complete information about water has been given, in this, whatever option we choose on a daily basis, depends on whether the disease of the body will develop or be destroyed. Today, through this article, we will know what are the properties, benefits and contraindications of Ushapan process.
According to Ayurveda, in the daily routine, the first activity is ‘Brahmi Muhurta Uttishta’ or getting up early in the morning before sunrise. 1 Muhurta represents a time of 48 minutes. There are 30 Muhurtas in a day, that is, 15 Muhurtas in the day and 15 in the night. The 14th Muhurta of the night is called “Brahmi Muhurta”. This period is about one and a half hours before sunrise. This time may vary from region to region depending on the time of sunrise. According to Ayurveda, this is the ideal time for a person to wake up in the morning.
WHAT IS USHAPAN?
In Ayurveda, some Acharyas and sages have put forth their views for Ushapan, out of which we are placing the views of two of them in front of you. Master Bhava Mishra has mentioned a process called ‘Usha Paan’ in Brahma Muhurta. ‘Usha’ means the time just before sunrise and ‘Paan’ means to drink. Hence Ushapan means consuming water before sunrise or during Brahma Muhurta.
According to Acharya Nighantu Ratnakar, drinking a certain amount of water in the morning in the morning is called Ushapan. In Ayurveda, Ushapan is known as a rasayana therapy, which is famous in Ayurveda for curing diseases.
WHAT DOES AYURVEDA SAY ABOUT USHANODAK?
There are many such texts in Ayurveda in which Acharya’s concepts have been given in the context of hot water, in which there are various texts like Sushruta Samhita, Sharangdhar and Yogaratnakar, in which the description of boiled water i.e. Ushnodak is found.
But through this article we are referring to Yogaratnakar, one of the famous Ayurveda texts included in the 17th century.
Boiled hot water or ushnodka is a simple effective remedy that helps in the maintenance of health as well as helps in the treatment of various diseases. It is used along with medicines, along with diet or throughout the day.
According to the Acharyas, the quality of water to make Ushnodak also depends on its deficiency, that is, how much water is boiled. 1/4, 1/3, 1/2 is said to be the ideal amount of reduction in drinking water to make it warmer. Therefore, while boiling water, keep in mind that if you boil that water in the quantity mentioned above, then it will be more suitable and beneficial for you.
WHICH VESSELS USE FOR USHAPAN?
There are mainly three types of utensils used to keep water overnight for Ushapan described in Ayurveda and the effect it has on its own doshas is excellent.
- Golden Ship.
- Clay bowl.
- Copper Pot.
If I talk about skinny people, then people with vataj body and people with pitta body should drink water kept in a golden vessel. If you cannot buy a golden pot, then you can also drink water kept in an earthen pot overnight. This will go a long way in improving digestion. If a person is overweight or has a Kaphaj body, then he should drink water kept in a copper vessel overnight, it will help him a lot in reducing weight.
QUANTITY OF WATER
According to Ayurveda, the amount of water varies from person to person. It depends on whether that person is sixth to do Ushapan, how much water he can keep in 8 Anjali. Now you will think that what are these eight anjali? Anjali is a Sanskrit word, which means the flatness formed by joining the two hands. As you can see in the above picture, for example, if you can hold 100 ml of water in 1 Anjali, then your potable water needs are: The recommendation is 800 ml. Therefore, you have to take as much water as you can in your eight Anjali in Brahma Muhurta.
And if we look elsewhere, Acharya Bhavamishra tells that the dosage of Ushapan should be 8 Parasriti or about 640 ml. A person who drinks this amount of water just before sunrise lives for more than a hundred years with a healthy body.
Acharya Bhoj is of the opinion that the ‘paryushita jala‘ or water that is stored overnight should be used for the purpose of Ushapan. The ideal time for Ushapan starts from the 14th Prahar (Bhaag) of the night or the 14th Muhurta of the night. Ushapan should be done just before sunrise. Its continuous practice reduces Vata, Pitta and Kapha disorders.
RIGHT TIME TO USHAPAN?
According to Ayurveda, Ushapan is recommended in the Brahma Muhurta, which is about 36 minutes before sunrise. Usha means dawn, the ideal time for Ushapan starts from the 14th Prahar (Part) of the night or the 14th Muhurta of the night. This is the best time for Ushapan.
EFFECT ON DOSHAS
Hot water calms Vata and Kapha while it elevates Pitta. Hot water relieves Aama, one of the root cause for most of the diseases.
BENEFITS OF USHAPAN
दीपनमं पाचनं कण्ठ्यम लघुंबस्तिशोधनम 2 (ए.एच.एस 5/16)
हिद्माधमाननीलाश्लेष्मासाद्य: शुद्धिनवजवरकासमपनासांवासपाश्रवरुक्शुका शस्यते
ll (ए.एच.एस 5/17)
Acharya Vagbhat has explained about Ushna Jala (warm water) on above text :
Deepana : Stimulates hunger,
Pachana : helps digestion,
Kanthya : good for the throat,
Laghu : easily digested,
Basti shodhana : cleanses the urinary bladder,
Hidhma : relieves hiccup,
Adhmana : flatulence
Anila : aggrevation of vata
Sleshma : aggravation of kapha
It is ideal on the days of Panchakarma Therapy.
Navavjara: fever of recent origin
kasa : cold, cough
Ama : accumulation of undigested materials,
Peenassa : rhinitis(running nose)
Shwasa : dyspnoea and
Parshvaruja : pain in the flanks.
Ushapana also alleviates –
Vata vyadhi – disorders of Vata origin,
Pitta vyadhi – disorders of Pitta origin,
Kaphaja vyadhi – disorders of Kapha origin and
Kshataja vyadhi – diseases caused due to injury.
CONTRAINDICATION OF USHAPAN
- While undergoing any Panchakarma procedure, it is forbidden to drink water in the morning.
- Consumption of Ushapan is prohibited after having oily and fatty food.
- If you have a chest injury, avoid drinking too much water.
- Even if there is excessive hiccups, one should not drink water in the morning.
- If you have heaviness in the stomach or bloating, then do not drink water during the time of Barham Muhurta.
- Its consumption is also prohibited in any Kapha and Vata disorder.